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Develop a runnable algorithm component of FATE

In this document, it describes how to develop an algorithm component, which can be callable under the architecture of FATE.

To develop a component, the following 6 steps are needed.

  1. define the python parameter object which will be used in this component.
  2. register meta of the new component.
  3. define the transfer_variable object if the component needs federation.
  4. define your component which should inherit model_base class.
  5. Define the protobuf file required for model saving.
  6. (optional) define Pipeline component for your component.

In the following sections we will describe the 6 steps in detail, with hetero_lr.

Step 1. Define the parameter object this component will use

Parameter object is the only way to pass user-define runtime parameters to the developing component, so every component has it's own parameter object. In order to define a usable parameter object, three steps will be needed.

  1. Open a new python file, rename it as where xxx stands for your component'name, putting it in folder python/federatedm/param/. The class object defined in should inherit the BaseParam class that define in python/federatedml/param/
  2. __init__ of your parameter class should specify all parameters that the component use.
  3. Override the check interface of BaseParam, without which will cause not implemented error. Check method is use to validate the parameter variables.

Take hetero lr's parameter object as example, the python file is here

firstly, it inherits BaseParam:

class LogisticParam(BaseParam):

secondly, define all parameter variable in __init__ method:

def __init__(self, penalty='L2',
                 tol=1e-4, alpha=1.0, optimizer='rmsprop',
                 batch_size=-1, learning_rate=0.01, init_param=InitParam(),
                 max_iter=100, early_stop='diff', encrypt_param=EncryptParam(),
                 predict_param=PredictParam(), cv_param=CrossValidationParam(),
                 decay=1, decay_sqrt=True,
                 multi_class='ovr', validation_freqs=None, early_stopping_rounds=None,
                 stepwise_param=StepwiseParam(), floating_point_precision=23,
        super(LogisticParam, self).__init__()
        self.penalty = penalty
        self.tol = tol
        self.alpha = alpha
        self.optimizer = optimizer
        self.batch_size = batch_size
        self.learning_rate = learning_rate
        self.init_param = copy.deepcopy(init_param)
        self.max_iter = max_iter
        self.early_stop = early_stop
        self.encrypt_param = encrypt_param
        self.predict_param = copy.deepcopy(predict_param)
        self.cv_param = copy.deepcopy(cv_param)
        self.decay = decay
        self.decay_sqrt = decay_sqrt
        self.multi_class = multi_class
        self.validation_freqs = validation_freqs
        self.stepwise_param = copy.deepcopy(stepwise_param)
        self.early_stopping_rounds = early_stopping_rounds
        self.metrics = metrics or []
        self.use_first_metric_only = use_first_metric_only
        self.floating_point_precision = floating_point_precision
        self.callback_param = copy.deepcopy(callback_param)

As the example shown above, the parameter can also be a Param class that inherit the BaseParam. The default setting of this kind of parameter is an instance of this class. Then allocated a deepcopy version of this instance to the class attribution. The deepcopy function is used to avoid same pointer risk during the task running.

Once the class defined properly, a provided parameter parser can parse the value of each attribute recursively.

thirdly, override the check interface:

def check(self):
    descr = "logistic_param's"

    if type(self.penalty).__name__ != "str":
        raise ValueError(
            "logistic_param's penalty {} not supported, should be str type".format(self.penalty))
        self.penalty = self.penalty.upper()
        if self.penalty not in ['L1', 'L2', 'NONE']:
            raise ValueError(
                "logistic_param's penalty not supported, penalty should be 'L1', 'L2' or 'none'")

    if type(self.eps).__name__ != "float":
        raise ValueError(
            "logistic_param's eps {} not supported, should be float type".format(self.eps))

Step 2. Register meta of the new component

The purpose to register the meta is that FATE Flow uses this file to get the information on how to start program of the component.

  1. Define component meta python file under components, name it as, where xxx stands for the algorithm component you want to develop.

  2. Developing the meta file.

    • inherit from ComponentMeta, and name meta with component's name, like xxx_cpn_meta = ComponentMeta("XXX"). XXX is the module to be used in dsl file.

        from .components import ComponentMeta
        hetero_lr_cpn_meta = ComponentMeta("HeteroLR")
      - use the decorator xxx_cpn_meta.bind_runner.on_$role to bind the running object to each role.
      $role mainly includes guest, host and arbiter. If component uses the same running module for several roles, syntax like xxx_cpn_meta.bind_runner.on_$role1.on_$role2.on_$role3 is also supported.
      This function imports and returns the running object of corresponding role.

      Take hetero-lr as an example, users can find it in python/federatedml/components/

      def hetero_lr_runner_guest():
          from federatedml.linear_model.logistic_regression.hetero_logistic_regression.hetero_lr_guest import HeteroLRGuest
          return HeteroLRGuest
      def hetero_lr_runner_host():
          from federatedml.linear_model.logistic_regression.hetero_logistic_regression.hetero_lr_host import HeteroLRHost
          return HeteroLRHost
      - use the decorator xxx_cpn_meta.bind_param to bind the parameter object to the developing component, which defines in Step 1.
      The function imports and returns the parameter object.

      def hetero_lr_param():
          from federatedml.param.logistic_regression_param import HeteroLogisticParam
          return HeteroLogisticParam

Step 3. Define the transfer variable object of this module. (Optional)

This step is needed only when module is federated, which means there exists information interaction between different parties.

Developing a file to define transfer_class object under the fold transfer_class

In this python file, you would need to create a transfer_variable class which inherits BaseTransferVariables. Then, define each transfer variable as its attributes. Here is an example:

from federatedml.transfer_variable.base_transfer_variable import BaseTransferVariables

# noinspection PyAttributeOutsideInit
class HeteroLRTransferVariable(BaseTransferVariables):
    def __init__(self, flowid=0):
        self.batch_data_index = self._create_variable(name='batch_data_index', src=['guest'], dst=['host'])
        self.batch_info = self._create_variable(name='batch_info', src=['guest'], dst=['host', 'arbiter'])
        self.converge_flag = self._create_variable(name='converge_flag', src=['arbiter'], dst=['host', 'guest'])
        self.fore_gradient = self._create_variable(name='fore_gradient', src=['guest'], dst=['host'])
        self.forward_hess = self._create_variable(name='forward_hess', src=['guest'], dst=['host'])
        self.guest_gradient = self._create_variable(name='guest_gradient', src=['guest'], dst=['arbiter'])
        self.guest_hess_vector = self._create_variable(name='guest_hess_vector', src=['guest'], dst=['arbiter'])
        self.guest_optim_gradient = self._create_variable(name='guest_optim_gradient', src=['arbiter'], dst=['guest'])
        self.host_forward_dict = self._create_variable(name='host_forward_dict', src=['host'], dst=['guest'])
        self.host_gradient = self._create_variable(name='host_gradient', src=['host'], dst=['arbiter'])
        self.host_hess_vector = self._create_variable(name='host_hess_vector', src=['host'], dst=['arbiter'])
        self.host_loss_regular = self._create_variable(name='host_loss_regular', src=['host'], dst=['guest'])
        self.host_optim_gradient = self._create_variable(name='host_optim_gradient', src=['arbiter'], dst=['host'])
        self.host_prob = self._create_variable(name='host_prob', src=['host'], dst=['guest'])
        self.host_sqn_forwards = self._create_variable(name='host_sqn_forwards', src=['host'], dst=['guest'])
        self.loss = self._create_variable(name='loss', src=['guest'], dst=['arbiter'])
        self.loss_intermediate = self._create_variable(name='loss_intermediate', src=['host'], dst=['guest'])
        self.paillier_pubkey = self._create_variable(name='paillier_pubkey', src=['arbiter'], dst=['host', 'guest'])
        self.sqn_sample_index = self._create_variable(name='sqn_sample_index', src=['guest'], dst=['host'])
        self.use_async = self._create_variable(name='use_async', src=['guest'], dst=['host'])
  • name
    a string represents variable name

  • src
    list, should be some combinations of guest, host, arbiter, it stands for where interactive information is sending from.

  • dst
    list, should be some combinations of guest, host, arbiter, defines where the interactive information is sending to.

Step 4. Define your module, it should inherit model_base

The rule of running a module with fate_flow_client is that:

  1. retrieves component registration from database and find the running object of each role.
  2. it initializes the running object of every party.
  3. calls the fit method of running object.
  4. calls the save_data method if needed.
  5. calls the export_model method if needed.

In this section, we describe how to do 2-5. Many common interfaces are provided in python/federatedml/

  • Override __init__ interface
    Specify the class of model parameter which is already defined in Step1.
    Take as an example, the last line specify the parameter class of the your model.

      def __init__(self):
      self.model_name = 'HeteroLogisticRegression'
      self.model_param_name = 'HeteroLogisticRegressionParam'
      self.model_meta_name = 'HeteroLogisticRegressionMeta'
      self.mode = consts.HETERO
      self.aggregator = None
      self.cipher = None
      self.batch_generator = None
      self.gradient_loss_operator = None
      self.converge_procedure = None
      self.model_param = HeteroLogisticParam()
    Note: This step is mandatory. If you do not assign the vale of self.model_param, you will not be able to access the value of the model parameter in function _init_model(self, params). - Override fit interface if needed
    The fit function holds the form of following.

    def fit(self, train_data, validate_data):

    Both train_data and validate_data(Optional) are Tables from upstream components(DataIO for example). This is the file where you fit logic of model or feature-engineering components located. When starting a training task, this function will be called by model_base automatically.

  • Override predict interface if needed
    The predict function holds the form of following.

    def predict(self, data_inst):

    data_inst is a DTable. Similar to fit function, you can define the prediction procedure in the predict function for different roles. When starting a predict task, this function will be called by model_base automatically. Meanwhile, in training task, this function will also be called to predict train data and validation data (if existed). If you are willing to use evaluation component to evaluate your predict result, it should be designed as the following format:

    • for binary, multi-class classification task and regression task, result header should be: ["label", "predict_result", "predict_score", "predict_detail", "type"]

    • label: Provided label

    • predict_result: Your predict result.
    • predict_score: For binary classification task, it is the score of label "1". For multi-class classification, it is the score of highest label. For regression task, it is your predict result.
    • predict_detail: For classification task, it is the detail scores of each class For regression task, it is your predict result.
    • type: The source of you input data, eg. train or test. It will be added by model_base automatically.
  • There are two Table return in clustering task.

    The format of first Table: ["cluster_sample_count", "cluster_inner_dist", "inter_cluster_dist"]

    • cluster_sample_count: The sample count of each cluster.
    • cluster_inner_dist: The inner distance of each cluster.
    • inter_cluster_dist: The inter distance between each clusters.

    The format of second Table:["predicted_cluster_index", "distance"]

    • predicted_cluster_index: Your predict label
    • distance: The distance between each sample to its center point.
  • Override transform interface if needed
    The transform function holds the form of following.

    def transform(self, data_inst):

    This function is used for feature-engineering components in predict task.

  • Define your save_data interface
    so that fate-flow can obtain output data through it when needed.

    def save_data(self):
        return self.data_output

Step 5. Define the protobuf file required for model saving

define proto buffer

To use the trained model through different platform, FATE use protobuf files to save the parameters and model result of a task. When developing your own module, you are supposed to create two proto files which defined your model content in this folder.

For more details of protobuf, please refer to this tutorial

The two proto files are

  1. File with "meta" as suffix: Save the parameters of a task.
  2. File with "param" as suffix: Save the model result of a task.

After defining your proto files, you can use the following script named to create the corresponding python file:


Define export_model interface

Similar with part b, define your export_model interface so that fate-flow can obtain output model when needed. The format should be a dict contains both "Meta" and "Param" proto buffer generated. Here is an example showing how to export model.

def export_model(self):
    meta_obj = self._get_meta()
    param_obj = self._get_param()
    result = {
        self.model_meta_name: meta_obj,
        self.model_param_name: param_obj
    return result

Step 6. Define Pipeline component for your module

One wrapped into a component, module can be used with FATE Pipeline API. To define a Pipeline component, follow these guidelines:

  1. all components reside in fate_client/pipeline/component directory
  2. components should inherit common base Component
  3. as a good practice, components should have the same names as their corresponding modules
  4. components take in parameters at initialization as defined in fate_client/pipeline/param, where a BaseParam and consts file are provided
  5. set attributes of component input and output, including whether module has output model, or type of data output('single' vs. 'multi')

Then you may use Pipeline to construct and initiate a job with the newly defined component. For guide on Pipeline usage, please refer to fate_client/pipeline.

Start a modeling task

After finished developing, here is a simple example for starting a modeling task.

1. Upload data

Before starting a task, you need to load data among all the data-providers. To do that, a load_file config is needed to be prepared. Then run the following command:

flow data upload -c upload_data.json


This step is needed for every data-provide node(i.e. Guest and Host).

2. Start your modeling task

In this step, two config files corresponding to dsl config file and component config file should be prepared. Please make sure that the table_name and namespace in the conf file match with upload_data conf. Then run the following command:

flow job submit -d ${your_dsl_file.json} -c ${your_component_conf_json}

If you have defined Pipeline component for your module, you can also make a pipeline script and start your task by:

python ${}

3. Check log files

Now you can check out the log in the path: $PROJECT_BASE/logs/${your jobid}

For more detailed information about dsl configure file and parameter configure files, please check out examples/dsl/v2

Last update: 2021-12-03
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